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Luis Salgado

How many countries are in the world 2024?

- The usual thing would be to find 195 as a response, the sum of the 193 UN Member States) and 2 observer States: the Holy See and the State of Palestine.

How many countries are in the world 2024?

When this query is made in Google we will find that the search engine returns about 50 million results. It might be thought that it is actually the same answer repeated in all those Internet sites that make up the list of results. However, the reality is different, since the answer to this question is complex by nature.

When trying to answer a question of this nature, it is always pertinent to start by defining the main term of the question. What is a country? Although this is a relatively simple concept, the answer will vary so much depending on who you ask. In this regard, the Dictionary of the Spanish language states that a country is a "territory, with its own geographical and cultural characteristics, which can constitute a political entity within a State”.

Despite being a geographical-political term, and therefore intrinsically complex, there is a relative consensus within the study of International Relations regarding its meaning. However, we also find different interpretations that allow us to increase or reduce the number of countries in the world.

The usual thing would be to find 195 as an answer, which is the sum of the 193 member states of the United Nations Organization(ONU) and 2 observer States: the Holy See and the State of Palestine. However, there are those who point out that observer States should not appear in the count and reduce the number to 193. Others point in the opposite direction and assert that responding based on UN members is to fall, to a lesser degree, into a fallacy ad verecundiam and point to the existence of countries that are not members of the UN because they have limited recognition, but that function as such:

  • Abkhazia
  • Artsakh
  • Northern Cyprus -Kosovo
  • South Ossetia
  • Donetsk People's Republic
  • Lugansk People's Republic
  • Occidental Sahara
  • Somaliland
  • Taiwan
  • Transnistria

If added to the list, the sum would increase to a total of 206 countries. Interestingly, 206 is also the total considered by the International Olympic Committee. And although it is not an IR organization itself, the truth is that many people "learn" about the countries in the world by watching the Olympic Games and the traditional opening ceremony.

Historically, the Olympic Games have not always required applicants to be from independent countries. Dependent territories with partial self-government have sometimes been approved by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and a couple of the countries with limited recognition mentioned above have been as well.

About half of the Olympic dependent territories are foreign possessions of the US (such as Puerto Rico) or the United Kingdom (such as Bermuda). Also included are some semi-independent "countries" such as the Cook Islands (associated with New Zealand) and Aruba (a "constituent country" of the Netherlands).

All UN member countries are also at the Olympics, with the latest addition, South Sudan, joining in August 2015. The only UN Observer State at the Olympics is Palestine – Vatican City is happy to participate as part of the Italian team for now. As for partially recognized countries, Kosovo became an Olympic nation in 2014, and Taiwan has been a member for some time, but must call itself "Chinese Taipei" after a deal struck with the PRC in the 1980s.

Following the thread of international sports competitions, we will realize that the Federación Internacional de Fútbol Asociado (FIFA) contemplates a total of 211 "countries" that can compete for the Soccer World Cup. Like the Olympic Games, FIFA did not always require independence or international recognition of its members.

It's a bit stricter now, but any team that's already a member can stay. The two newest members, who joined in May 2016, managed to get in under special circumstances: Kosovo, a partially recognized country, was voted out after being accepted by more than half of UN members; and Gibraltar, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, obtained a court order forcing FIFA to allow him entry, as he had already applied for membership before the current rules were put in place.

Based on European tradition, FIFA also allows England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland to compete as separate teams, despite all having been part of the United Kingdom for over 200 years.

The table below shows a comparison of the 3 listings. The names correspond to the one used by each organism. Countries with one asterisk are UN observers, while those with two are States of limited recognition.

UN International Olympic Committee FIFA
Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghanistan
Albania Albanian Albanian
Germany Germany Germany
Andorra Andorra Andorra
Angola Angola Angola
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Algeria Algeria Algeria
Argentina Argentina Argentina
Armenian Armenian Armenian
Australia Australia Australia
Austria Austrian Austrian
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
Bahamas Bahamas Bahamas
Bahrain Bahrain Bahrain
Bangladesh Bangladesh Bangladeshi
Barbados Barbados Barbados
Belgium Belgium Belgium
Belarus (Belarus) Belarus Belarus
Belize Belize Belize
Benin Benin Benin
Bermuda Bermuda Bermuda
Bhutan Bhutan Bhutan
Bolivia Bolivian Bolivia
Bosniya and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana Botswana Botswana
Brazil Brazil Brazil
Brunei Darussalam Brunei
Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Burkina Faso
Burundi Burundi Burundi
Cape Verde Cape Verde Cape Verde
Cambodia Cambodia Cambodia
Cameroon Cameroon Cameroon
Canada Canada Canada
Chad Chad Chad
Chili Chile Chile
Chinese Chinese china
Hong Kong Hongkong
Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus
Northern Cyprus**
Columbia Colombia Columbia
Comoros Comoros Comoros
Congo Republic of the Congo Congo
Costa Rica Costa Rica Costa Rica
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast Ivory Coast
Croatia Croatia Croatia
Cuban Cuba Cuban
Denmark Denmark Denmark
Faroe Islands
Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti
Dominica Dominica Dominica
Ecuador Ecuador Ecuador
Egypt Egypt Egypt
El Salvador El Salvador El Salvador
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
Eritrean Eritrean eritrea
Slovakia Slovakia Slovakia
Slovenia Slovenia Slovenia
State of Palestine palestine palestine
Spain Spain Spain
United States of America United States United States
Guam Guam
US Virgin Islands US Virgin Islands
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
American Samoa American Samoa
Estonian Estonian Estonian
Eswatini Swaziland Swaziland
Ethiopia Ethiopia Ethiopia
Russian Federation Russia Russia
Fijian fiji fiji
Philippines Philippines Philippines
Finland Finland Finland
France france france
New Caledonia
Gabon Gabon Gabon
Gambian Gambia Gambia
Georgia Georgia Georgia
Ghana Ghanaian Ghana
Grenade Grenada grenade
Greece Greece Greece
Guatemalan Guatemala Guatemala
Guinea Guinean guinea
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea
Guyana guyana guyana
Haiti Haiti Haiti
Honduras Honduras Honduras
Hungary Hungary Hungary
Indian India Indian
Indonesian Indonesian Indonesian
Iran Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq Iraq
Ireland Ireland Republic of Ireland
Iceland Iceland Iceland
Marshall Islands Marshall Islands
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Solomon Islands
Israeli Israel Israel
Italy Italy Italy
Jamaica Jamaican Jamaica
Japan Japan Japan
Jordan Jordan Jordan
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
Kenyan Kenya Kenya
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan
Kiribati Kiribati
Kosovo Kosovo Kosovo
Kuwaiti Kuwaiti Kuwait
Lesotho Lesotho Lesotho
Latvia Latvia Latvia
Lebanon Lebanon Lebanon
Liberian Liberia Liberia
Libya Libya Libya
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Liechtenstein
Lithuania Lithuania Lithuania
Luxembourg Luxembourg Luxembourg
North Macedonia North Macedonia North Macedonia
Madagascar Madagascar Madagascar
Malaysia Malaysia Malaysia
Malawi Malawi Malawi
Maldives Maldives Maldives
Mali Mali Mali
Malt malt malt
Morocco Morocco Morocco
Mauritius Mauritius Mauricio
Mauritania Mauritania Mauritania
Mexico Mexico Mexico
Micronesia Micronesia
Monaco Monaco
Mongolia Mongolian Mongolian
Montenegro Montenegro Montenegro
Mozambique Mozambique Mozambique
Myanmar Burma Myanmar
Namibia Namibian Namibia
Nauru Nauru
Nepal Nepal Nepal
Nicaragua Nicaraguan Nicaragua
Niger Niger Niger
Nigeria Nigerian Nigerian
Norway Norway Norway
New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand
Cook Islands Cook Islands
Oman Oman Oman
South Ossetia**
Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands
Aruba Aruba
Pakistan pakistan pakistan
Palau Palau
Panama Panama Panama
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea
Paraguayan Paraguayan Paraguay
Peru Peru Peru
Poland Poland Poland
Portugal Portugal Portugal
Qatar Qatar Qatar
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Great Britain Anguilla
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands
Northern Ireland
Turks and Caicos Islands
Syrian Arab Republic Syria Syria
Central African Republic Central African Republic Central African Republic
Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech Republic
Republic of Korea South Korea South Korea
Republic of Moldova Moldova Moldova
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo DR Congo
Lao People's Democratic Republic Laos laos
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Dominican Republic
Donetsk People's Republic**
Luhansk People's Republic**
Democratic People's Republic of Korea North Korea North Korea
Romania Romania Romania
Rwanda Rwanda Rwanda
Western Sahara**
Saint Kittens and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis
Samoa Samoa samoa
San Marino San Marino San Marino
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Holy See*
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Saint Lucia
Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal Senegalese Senegal
Serbia Serbian Serbian
Seychelles Seychelles Seychelles
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Sierra Leone
Singapore Singapore Singapore
Somalia Somalia Somalia
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
South Africa South Africa South Africa
Sudan Sudan Sudan
South Sudan South Sudan South Sudan
Sweden Sweden Sweden
Switzerland Switzerland Switzerland
Suriname Suriname Suriname
Thailand Thailand Thailand
Taiwan Chinese Taipei Chinese Taipei
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania
Tajikistan Tajikistan Tajikistan
Timor-Leste East Timor East Timor
Togo Togo Togo
Tonga Tonga Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Turkmenistan
Türkiye Türkiye Türkiye
Tuvalu Tuvalu
Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine
Ugandan Uganda Uganda
Uruguay Uruguay Uruguay
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Uzbekistan
Vanuatu Vanuatu Vanuatu
Venezuela Venezuela Venezuela
Viet Nam Viet Nam Viet Nam
Yemen Yemen Yemen
Zambian Zambian Zambian
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Zimbabwe

How many countries are there in America, Asia, Africa, Europe and Oceania?

America is made up of 35 sovereign countries, which are distributed in three main regions: North America, Central America and South America. Below is a list of countries in each region:

North America North America:

  1. Canada
  2. United States
  3. Mexico

Central America or Central America:

  1. Belize
  2. Costa Rica
  3. El Salvador
  4. Guatemala
  5. Honduras
  6. Nicaragua
  7. Panama

South America or South America:

  1. Argentina
  2. Bolivia
  3. Brazil
  4. Chili
  5. Colombia
  6. Ecuador
  7. Guyana
  8. Paraguay
  9. Peru
  10. Suriname
  11. Uruguay
  12. Venezuela

In addition to these 22 countries in North and South America, there are 13 countries in Central America, making a total of 35 countries on the American continent.

Meanwhile, Asia is the largest and most diverse continent in terms of population and culture. In Asia, there are 49 sovereign countries:

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Saudi Arabia
  3. Armenia
  4. Azerbaijan
  5. Bangladesh
  6. Bahrain
  7. Burma (Myanmar)
  8. Brunei
  9. Bhutan
  10. Cambodia
  11. Qatar
  12. China
  13. Cyprus
  14. North Korea
  15. South Korea
  16. United Arab Emirates
  17. Philippines
  18. Georgia
  19. India 20.Indonesia
  20. Iraq
  21. Iran
  22. Israel
  23. Japan
  24. Jordan
  25. Kazakhstan
  26. Kyrgyzstan 28.Kuwait
  27. Laos
  28. Lebanon
  29. Malaysia
  30. Maldives
  31. Mongolia
  32. Nepal
  33. Oman
  34. Pakistan
  35. Qatar
  36. Russia (Asian part)
  37. Singapore
  38. Syria
  39. Sri Lanka
  40. Thailand
  41. Tajikistan
  42. East Timor
  43. Turkmenistan
  44. ​​Türkiye (Asian part)
  45. Uzbekistan
  46. Vietnam
  47. Yemen

It should be noted that some countries, such as Russia and Turkey, have parts of their territory located in Europe and Asia. In the case of Russia, its Asian part is located in the region of Siberia and the Far East.

What about Europe? The old continent is made up of 45 sovereign countries. Here is the list of countries in Europe:

  1. Albania
  2. Germany
  3. Andorra
  4. Austria
  5. Belgium
  6. Belarus
  7. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  8. Bulgaria
  9. Cyprus
  10. Vatican City
  11. Croatia
  12. Denmark
  13. Slovakia
  14. Slovenia
  15. Spain
  16. Estonia
  17. Finland
  18. France
  19. Greece
  20. Hungary
  21. Ireland
  22. Iceland
  23. Italy
  24. Kosovo
  25. Latvia 26.Liechtenstein
  26. Lithuania
  27. Luxembourg
  28. North Macedonia
  29. Malta
  30. Moldova
  31. Monaco
  32. Montenegro
  33. Norway
  34. Netherlands
  35. Poland
  36. Portugal
  37. United Kingdom
  38. Czech Republic
  39. Romania
  40. San Marino
  41. Serbia
  42. Sweden
  43. Switzerland
  44. Ukraine

Africa is the second largest continent in the world and is home to 54 sovereign countries:

  1. Algeria
  2. Angola
  3. Benin
  4. Botswana
  5. Burkina Faso
  6. Burundi
  7. Cape Verde
  8. Cameroon
  9. Chad
  10. Comoros
  11. Congo (Congo-Brazzaville)
  12. Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa)
  13. Ivory Coast
  14. Djibouti
  15. Egypt
  16. Eritrea
  17. Eswatini (Swaziland)
  18. Ethiopia
  19. Gabon
  20. Gambia 21.Ghana
  21. Guinea
  22. Guinea-Bissau
  23. Equatorial Guinea
  24. Kenya
  25. Lesotho
  26. Liberia
  27. Libya
  28. Madagascar
  29. Malawi
  30. Mali
  31. Morocco
  32. Mauritius
  33. Mauritania
  34. Mozambique
  35. Namibia
  36. Niger
  37. Nigeria
  38. Rwanda
  39. Sao Tome and Principe
  40. Senegal
  41. Seychelles
  42. Sierra Leone
  43. Somalia
  44. South Africa
  45. Sudan
  46. South Sudan
  47. Tanzania
  48. Togo
  49. Tunisia
  50. Uganda
  51. Djibouti
  52. Zambia
  53. Zimbabwe

And finally, Oceania is made up of 14 countries:

  1. Australia
  2. Fiji
  3. Marshall Islands
  4. Solomon Islands
  5. Kiribati
  6. Micronesia
  7. Nauru
  8. New Zealand
  9. Palau
  10. Papua New Guinea
  11. Samoa
  12. Tonga
  13. Tuvalu
  14. Vanuatu


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Salgado, Luis. “¿Cuántos países hay en el mundo 2024?.” CEMERI, 6 sept. 2022,