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Patricio Martinez

The most and least democratic countries in the world

- 2021 predicts being another difficult year for democracy.

The most and least democratic countries in the world

Pandemia derived from Coronavirus has had a negative impact around the world in terms of health, economy, transport, human relations and political systems. For the first time since 2010, the Democracy Index made by ** The Economist ** worsened in all regions. This 2020 delivery revealed that less than 50% of the world's population lives under a democratic government.

The region of ** Sub -Saharan Africa ** registered the greatest decreases in "levels of democracy", particularly due to political instability in Mali and Ethiopia. And while Sudan is heading towards a democratic government, the difficulties of the transition prevent it from being considered as such. ** Europe and Latin America ** registered significant decreases, particularly in the issue of civil liberties, product of the numerous health restrictions. In the midst of everything, the United States stands out, which descended a position in the index due to the political crisis that surrounded the presidential elections, the final weeks of the Trump presidency and the dramatic situation lived in the Capitol - Heart and banner of democracy US.

Throughout the world, the ** civil liberties ** have been suppressed due to pandemic (Portugal and France lost their status of "full democracies" due to health restrictions). Although this has been different in each country, the general trend is that of a strong discontent since they continue to expand week after week, unleashing protests in the United States, Spain, France, Germany and Italy. Varied groups that range from pandemic denialists, merchants on the verge of bankruptcy or citizens tired of restrictions have challenged the restrictions that have dramatically altered their lives.

2021 predicts being another difficult year for democracy. Even with the beginning of vaccination campaigns, the end of the pandemic is still distant social. Added to this problem, the pandemic has not put a total pause to conflicts in the world. The recent coup in Myanmar, the suppression and detention of members of the Russian opposition, the protests in Belarus, political instability in Ethiopia and the still tense situation in the United States after the events of the Capitol, indicate that ** democracy Worldwide is at its most fragile moment in decades **.


    The Economist Intelligence Unit (2021). Democracy Index 2020. Consultado en el 04 de enero de 2021.

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Martinez, Patricio. “Los países más y menos democráticos del mundo.” CEMERI, 12 sept. 2022,